Taking the Yuck Out of Microbiome Medicine

I can still remember the shock I felt when I heard about fecal microbiota transplants for the first time. It is not the sort of thing you forget.

At a microbiology conference, a scientist was giving a lecture about the microbiome--the microbes that live harmlessly inside of us. She described one unusual case she was involved in where a doctor named Alexander Khoruts used the microbiome to save a patient's life. The patient had taken antibiotics for a lung infection. While the drugs cleared that infection, they  also disrupted the ecology of her gut, allowing a life-threatening species of bacteria called Clostridium difficile to ...

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